student writing

Components of Good Writing

  • Topic choice—choose a topic you feel passionate about
    (see What is a Good Topic?)
  • Main Idea—the meaning and development of your message
  • Organization—the internal structure of your piece—beginning, middle, and end—staying with your main idea
  • Good introductory sentence that draws your readers in and keeps them reading
  • Voice—your unique way of telling your story, how you create it and bring your topic to life
  • Word choice—intriguing words—active verbs, descriptive adjectives—the language you use to write your piece and convey your message
  • Authentic dialogue—dialogue that sounds like real people talking and doesn’t sound fake
  • Using details and being aware of cause and effect
  • Good sentences—clear sentences that flow and captivate your reader—no choppy sentences and no run-on sentences
  • Good concluding paragraph and finishing sentence
  • Proper punctuation, grammar, as well as good presentation

Problem Areas To Be Aware Of

  • Choosing a topic you don't know enough about
  • Getting off topic—rambling
  • Trying to tell too much—overload of information
  • Mixing up tenses and point of view
  • Improper punctuation, grammar, and misspellings

Modes of Writing

  • Narrative—to tell a story
  • Expository—to inform or explain
  • Persuasive—to construct an argument
  • Descriptive—to paint a picture with words
  • Imaginative—to create a new way of seeing things